a child with backpack

Essentials When Going Backpacking

A Map
The map is obviously an essential element. With it, you will be able to locate and determine which direction to take to finalize your hike or trip. It also allows you to evaluate your returning mileage as well as difference in altitude so as to estimate the terrain to be avoided, be it, hilly, flat, rocky bars to avoid, etc.).
The use of map also aids in knowing where water points such as (lakes, streams, and springs) are, which will come in handy in hot weather condition or should in case run out of water. Map also aids in quickly identifying shelters in case you encounter any hitch health-wise or journey-wise.

Just as the map, the compass also aids in direction and navigation. One big advantage of this tool is that it never runs out of battery and exhibits tolerance to bad weather. It can be carried easily on your hand or across the neck and it’s definitely one of the top backpacking essentials.

a man with a backpack and a map

A flashlight is very useful for seeing in the dark which is very important it will help you find lost things in the dark or aids in some useful tasks such as changing tires of a car I the night. Though, your phone might have a flashlight, but what will you do if your phone runs out of battery? The flashlight also comes in handy in terms of identifying threats in the dark be it an animal such as snake, or otherswise.

High-Calorie Diet
Food is essential to the body therefore, always ensure the presence of food in your backpack always; These foods should also have high-calorie content such as foods rich in protein and fat as it aids in combating food cravings.

Extra Water and Purifier
When hiking, it is essential to never exhaust your water supply (being thirsty with an empty gourd is often a very bad experience!). It is necessary to provide a little more than you need before the next filling option.
In addition to water, it is sometimes necessary to provide a way to purify the water, we recommend purification tablets type Micropur (attention there are different levels in the protection). It is best to slip a pellet or two into your water bottle if you collect water in a lake, for example, to avoid the inevitable stomach ache.

a woman with a backpack on a rock

Warm and Ansulating Clothing
Even if you go for a short day hike on a sunny day, you may be tempted to leave your fleece and jacket at home. This is, of course, to be avoided.

Weather conditions can change rapidly in the mountains. And if you are injured or lost it is very important to have the necessary to fight against cold and humidity.

A multifunctional Knife
Though it may be dismissed by some, a knife is an absolute necessary item to have in your backpack for many reasons. It comes in handy during emergency situations.

a tent on the ground at night

Sunscreens or Glasses
During hot weather conditions, the sunscreen does the job of protecting your eyes from the sun and skin from sunburn. In the mountains, the sun can be particularly intense, most especially if you are on a glacier. It also protects you from the glare of snow which is a big “no” when it comes to hiking.

Survival Blanket and First Aid Kit
The survival blanket is the mainly to warm up your body during cold conditions as they help generate heat. However, this blanket can be used for other things such as keeping your gear safe and dry, can be used to protect your food, and can be used as a shelter against rain.

For the first aid kit, it all comes down to the person’s choice, however the essential one must have in the first aid toolbox include:

• Bandage for cuts
• Sterile gauze
• Disinfectant / antiseptic against germs
• Safety pins to hold things in place
• Dressings of different sizes for wounds
• Tweezers;
• A needle;
• A pair of scissors;
• Latex gloves;
• Aspirin/ibuprofen;
• An antidiarrheal.


One can also decide to bring the following though it’s not always considered essential, it depends on where you are going. They include:

• Toilet paper
• Mosquito repellent to prevent mosquitoes
• plastic bags to leave no waste
• A lighter to start fires, headlamp can replace the flashlight in some cases
• camera to take pictures in order to remember every moment on your trip
• A pair of binoculars,
• Backpack which can act as a wardrobe or bedside drawer
• Cereal bars, dried fruits or almond paste
• Hiking shoes which should be waterproof and breathable,
• Trek socks
• Light trousers
• Polar jacket
• Hat/cap for sun protection
• Hiking sticks
• Antimalarial in case of mosquito bites
• Earplugs to block your ears
• Locks to protect your backpack from unforeseen circumstances
• Money in case you need to spend
• Openers in case you need to uncork a bottle
• Portable charger to charge your phones
• Socks to protect against cold
• Hairbrush or Comb
• Pain killers to relive pain
• Toothbrush and Toothpaste
• Sun Cream
• Eye Mask
• Shavers and nail clippers
• Swim gear
• Thermal flask and cup
• Emergency whistle
• Underwater Cameras in case you’re going deep
• Sandal / Flip-flops
• Trainers

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