Maly Semyachik Volcano (Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia).
Maly Semyachik Volcano is one of the most fascinating creations of Mother Nature. It is a huge mountain ridge, stretched to the north-east of Kamchatka Peninsula and consisting of three closely merged stratovolcanoes.
The height of the top is 1560 meters.
In the crater of the volcano you can see a true miracle. After all, where else you will be able to see an amazing acid lake, the waters of which are saturated with sulphuric, hydrochloric, hydrofluoric acids and other compounds!? It is because of this heady brew that the lake water in the crater of Maly Semyachik has such a fabulously turquoise color.
The active volcano of Kamchatka
Maly Semyachik Volcano is the only active volcano in the region of Eastern Kamchatka. Volcanic eruptions do not occur often, but they are always quite powerful. In 1805, due to powerful eruption, vast forest areas have been destroyed. Low volcanic activity was recorded in 1850-1853. The next period of activity took place in 1944-1947. As a consequence of powerful blowouts, the area of the lake increased by eight to ten percent.
According to scientists, this lake was formed 200-300 years ago. The reservoir is filled not just with turquoise water, but with a concentrated acid solution. In addition, the temperature of water always remains about 572 °F.
Because of the Sulphur content in lake’s water, it seems to be light green from afar, but when approaching, the view changes dramatically – the water looks very turbid and unpleasant.
It is possible to go down to the lake only from the northern side. The availability of belay is mandatory.
In addition to the unique lake, tourists can admire the excellent scenery opening from a relatively short volcanic ridge, the length of which is not more than three kilometers.
The lake bottom is dug with fumaroles, which determine its volatile nature. The water level differs from 117 to 140 meters. The temperature of water is also unstable. It is most of the time hot, but the temperature can vary from 20 to 60 degrees. And more recently, since 1992, the lake freezes in winter. Sometimes the whole area of the lake is covered with ice and snow, the others some non-freezing spots remain on its surface. But even with the thick layer of snow you can still smell Sulphur.
How to get to the volcano?
Public transport infrastructure in Kamchatka is poorly developed. For this reason, travelers have only two ways to get to the acid lake in the crater of Maly Semyachik volcano.
First, you can hire a helicopter. This is a common way to travel along Kamchatka. Local tour operators often organize sightseeing tours, during which the helicopter necessarily flies over the acid lake of Maly Semyachik.
Or you can go to the acid lake on foot with tourist group. Travel agencies offer hiking tours through the mountains of Kamchatka, the route of which can also run through the volcanoes of Maly Semyachik. It is worth noting that the volcano is located 135 kilometers from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.