All roads lead to Rome
Rome for its long history deservedly became the owner of honorary names: the “eternal” city, the cradle of Western civilization. It was here, as well as in Ancient Greece, the beginnings of humanities and technical sciences, including philosophy, rhetoric, medicine, physics and geometry. This is the richest cultural and historical heritage and becomes the object of close attention of tourists from all over the world. Find out main attractions in Rome, that every traveler should visit.
Historical places of the Italian capital
Roman Forum. One of the most ancient buildings of Rome is the Roman Forum (Foro Romano) — square, which for centuries served as a cultural, economic and political center of Rome, where public events, religious ceremonies, trade fairs and public courts were held. The forum occupied a territory of half a kilometer surrounded by hills and spurs. Initially, the site of the Forum included marshes that had been drained for construction, under the leadership of the ancient king Tarquin Priskom. Over time, the Forum’s territory was occupied by shopping arcades, tribunes of speakers, temples and basilicas, commemorative columns and statues. These places are included in the Rome top attraction for tourists.
The forum of the times of united Rome became the center of the city, its trading rows were destroyed, but along the Forum the Holy Road was built. It is on it during the holidays moved religious processions, it included the city returned to victory with the warriors.
Coliseum. It’s one of the Rome main places to visit. The Coliseum, or the Flavian amphitheater, is located on the same piazza del Colosseo. This is the largest and most famous of the Roman amphitheatres, the symbol of Ancient Rome, as well as one of the most fortunate monuments of Antiquity.
In the plan, the Coliseum is an ellipse, the total length of its walls is 527 m. The walls 50 m high are divided into 4 tiers. Tribunes, which could see up to 50,000 people had separate entrances and ladders for each sector.
The Coliseum is one of the most visited monuments in Italy, so the queues for entrance here are huge! You can avoid them by buying a ticket online. And then it really is worth it. Tickets can also be purchased at Palatine’s ticket offices. Full price: 12,00 €. Such a ticket also includes a visit to the Roman Forum and the Palatine, which is very beneficial.
Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi). If you are in Rome and would like to return here again, just drop a coin into the famous Trevi Fountain. If you throw two coins, then you will have a love meeting, three — marriage, four — wealth, but do not overdo it: five abandoned coins will lead to separation. Many tourists are willing to believe in these signs (judging by the fact that every year the city services of Rome collect about 700,000 euros in the fountain).
The fountain is made in the Baroque style. Designed by his architect Nicolo Salvi and realized the idea in 1732 – 1762. The fountain is simply gigantic — 26 meters high, and 20 meters wide. At least ten sculptors, the fountain feeds water from the aqueduct Vergine, which existed since the time of Emperor Augustus. Its main theme is the sea and sea characters: Neptune, sea horses, newts and other mythical creatures.
The Pantheon. Is an ancient pagan temple, later consecrated as the Christian Church of St. Mary and the Martyrs, dedicated at once to all Roman deities. This architectural object of the pre-Christian era has survived to this day and amazes with its grandeur all: from archaeologists, to ordinary tourists.
For example, the layout. In the Pantheon there are no windows. There is only one hole at the very top of the dome 9 meters in diameter. On the perimeter of the temple in the niches were statues of deities, which for a year alternately fell light from the hole in the dome. But these sculptures, alas, are not preserved, and their place now occupied by sculptures and paintings of the 18th century.
The Pantheon is located in Piazza della Rotonda, while it is possible to visit the temple for free, it is open to all comers from 8.30 to 19.30 on weekdays and from 9.00 to 18.00 on Sunday. The nearest metro station is Barberini.
Spanish staircase. Another thing to do in Rome is to visit the Spanish staircase. It is not for nothing considered the most beautiful in Europe. Its dimensions, majestic Baroque style and architecture impress even the most sophisticated traveler. Especially beautiful is the staircase in spring, when the azalea blooms.
The Spanish staircase begins in the middle of Piazza di Spagna and rushes up to the hill of Pinch. Built from travertine, it consists of 138 steps of concave shape, the width of which throughout the building is constantly changing.
In 1997, a large-scale reconstruction of this majestic structure was completed, and today the Spanish Steps again is a favorite meeting place and walks of the inhabitants and guests of Rome.
Cathedral of St. Peter. To the north of the center of Rome, in the territory of state of the Vatican, on the Piazza San Pietro stands the Cathedral of St. Peter — the largest Catholic temple in the world and popular Rome tourist attraction.
It’s huge 136-meter dome seems to float above the Vatican. Inside the Cathedral of St. Peter could fit the largest churches in Europe — this is evidenced by special marks on the floor, showing their size. The construction of the cathedral was attended by the brilliant masters of the Renaissance.
The interior of the cathedral impresses with its grandiose size and rich design. There are many altars, tombstones, moldings, mosaics, sculptures. Among the statues stands out the marble “Pieta” by Michelangelo.
At the top of the dome of St. Peter’s Cathedral you can climb in two ways – on an elevator and on a ladder consisting of 500 steps. From the observation deck, amazing views of Rome and the Vatican. To the left of the cathedral is the central entrance to the Vatican, guarded by the Guards.