Pamukkale Phenomenon photo

Marvelous Pamukkale Resort, a perfect place for cultural and recreational activities.

Pamukkale is located in the province of Denizli in the southwest of Turkey. It consists of 17 geothermal sources with the temperature of water from 35 to 100 °C and the reservoir made of travertine. But that’s not the main thing to know about this place.

Pamukkale is an ancient volcanic plateau towering more than 100 meters over the valley. Numerous thermal sources (+30 – +45 °C) with the water oversaturated with calcium bicarbonates run from slopes in tens of streams, forming snow-white travertine terraces due to loss of salts. For many centuries this white “shroud” has been covering all slopes, and now they look like cotton fortress from the distance, that is why this place was called  Pamukkale. At sunrise slopes of the mountain are colored in all shades of ochre, violet and pink.

The Origin of Name

It is considered that titans lived here in ancient times. Once they have reaped cotton crop, and left it to dry on the sun, and then they were distracted by some other affairs and have forgotten about cotton. For millions of years cotton has hardened and has turned into the white rock of an unusual form.

The History of Pamukkale

Healing properties of Pamukkale waters are known and used since the time of Antique Greece. There was a city of Laodikya founded in the III B.C. The sacred city of Hierapolis, which was devastated by earthquake and then was restored, was founded here as well.

Local wealthy citizens have built water pipe to get hot water from Pamukkale, using it for private pools and hot springs, thus they have damaged a part of the lower terraces.

In spite of that, the city became one of the most famous balneological resorts, which was attended by both average locals and governors.

Why Pamukkale is worth visiting?

There are following historical objects:

  • Restored Theater of Roman epoch was built in the II century. It is situated on slopes of the hill and could accommodate from 7 to 15 thousand viewers. The theatre serves as a location for yearly Pamukkale Fest. Well-preserved marble covering on the stage is also worth seeing.
  • Cleopatra’s Baths complex. It still works and remains to be the most popular spot of Pamukkale;
  • Apollo’s temple, which was built in III century.
  • Pluto’s Sanctuary with a small grotto and the cave filled with poisonous gases (it is closed for visitors).
  • Saint Philip’s Martiri (built in the early V century), tribute to one of the apostles who died in Hierapolis.
  • Monumental gate of an arch of Domitian with three apertures (I century).
  • Hierapolis necropolis, the largest complex of antique burials on the territory of Minor Asia (that is how the part of territory of modern Turkey was called earlier) with tombs of different epochs that are stretched more than 2 km on both sides of the road.

The ancient city and terraces are available for tourists every day, entrance fee is only collected during daytime.

Pamukkale is good both for recreation and for visiting historical places. It is worth visiting for people who appreciate comfort and good view.

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