The Longmen Grottoes is one of the best places available out there in the world for you to experience Chinese Buddhist art. If you are interested in learning more about Chinese Buddhism or even the history of China, you are encouraged to think about visiting The Longmen Grottoes. At The Longmen Grottoes, you can discover thousands of Buddha statutes. You will not be able to find such a large number of Buddha statues in any other place around the world.
The Longmen Grottoes is also known as Dragons Gate and Longmen Caves. It is located in between Mount Longmen and Mount Xiang. The Dragons Gate is also facing the Yi River. Some of the best-treasured houses in China are also located here.
History of The Longmen Grottoes
Before you visit The Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang, you need to have a basic understanding of the history of it. Then you can add more value to your journey and get the most out of the experience. It was Emperor Xiaowen who constructed The Longmen Grottoes. It has a rich history because the construction activities finished by the year 493.
Back in the day, the Emperor moved the capital of China to Luoyang. That’s the main reason why The Longmen Grottoes was constructed. Since then, the Buddhist Longmen caves went through a series of developments. In fact, the developments took place for a duration of more than 400 years.
The best thing about Longmen Grottoes is that it is located in a scenic area. You can find more than 40 dagobas, 2800 steles, 2300 holes and niches, 1300 caves and over 100000 statues at The Longmen Grottoes. Out of them, many belong to the Tang Dynasty. You will also be able to discover many other historical materials here, which are related to religion, music, art, medicine, calligraphy, costume, medicine and architecture. Everything is preserved for future generations and you will be able to witness that during the time that you visit The Longmen Grottoes.
Top attractions located around The Longmen Grottoes
When you are visiting Buddhist Longmen caves, you need to be mindful about the top attractions that you can see in the region as well. This will help you to plan the overall journey accordingly. Below mentioned are 3 of the best attractions that you can see at The Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang.
Fengxian Temple was constructed by the Tang Dynasty. It is one of the most prominent attractions that you can see in the neighborhood. This can also be considered as the biggest grotto that you can see in the region as well. It has a length of 41 meters and a width of 36 meters. In here, you can find 9 large scale figures of many different temperatures and facial appearances of the temple. Any person who wants to enjoy Buddhist arts can come here and have a great time.
Out of the figures that you can find at Fengxian temple, the statue of Vairocana is the most impressive. This statue has a height of 17.14 meters. It depicts Lord Buddha sitting in a lotus throne. You will be impressed to see how the artists have paid special attention to detail at the time of crafting this sculpture. Therefore, it is one of the best attractions that you should not miss out at Fengxian Temple.
In the sides of Vairocana statue, you can find two more statues as well. They are representing the disciples of Buddha, which are Ananda and Kasyapa. You are guaranteed to enhance the knowledge that you have on Buddhism during the visit to Fengxian temple as well.
Wanfo Cave is another great attraction that you can witness while you are exploring the Buddhist Longmen caves. It was constructed back in year 680. This is during the Tang Dynasty and you can discover some of the inherent features to the Dynasty during the visit. Inside Wanfo Cave, you can find more than 15,000 different Buddha statues. Most of these Buddha Statues are extremely small. In the middle of the cave, you will be able to see the main Buddha statue. It is bigger when compared to all the other Buddha statues. The different statues that you can find here at The Longmen Grottoes depict different expressions of Lord Buddha. You will be exposed to them while you are spending your time at Wanfo Cave.
All the tourists who explore The Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang should never miss out exploring the Lotus Cave. It is one of the most prominent attractions in the region, which has received a lot of attention. This is unique and a one of a kind cave that you can discover in the region. That’s because you can find many different types of Buddha figures and Buddha statues here. They include standing figures of Lord Buddha, sitting statures and many more. You can find a large number of similarities in between the Buddha statues available at the Lotus Cave and the Buddha Statues that you can find in India.
Around Lotus cave, you can discover six different flying musicians, who portray various gestures. It seems like they are dancing to the different melodies of the music. You cannot find something similar in the other caves that you can discover in The Longmen Grottoes.